Brutal Facts About Arkansas' Elaine Massacre

Slaves picking cotton. huffingtonpost.com

2. Issues Of White Supremacy Still Reigned

Historic though it was, one issue that the Emancipation Proclamation could not address was the issue of racism and white supremacy. This problem plagued the entire country, not only the South. African Americans in the North were all too aware of the de facto segregation that they faced daily. 

Another problem with the Emancipation Proclamation is that it did not confer any civil rights onto previously enslaved African Americans. All that it did was say that they were free. So there was a considerable crisis looming that would shape the South for decades: what should society do with all of these liberated slaves?