Ten Terrible Decisions Made By World Leaders Throughout History

http://www.spiegel.de/
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When it comes to being the leader of a country or an empire, it is not an easy feat. There is a constant stream of issues to deal with and when it comes to protecting your people, the right answer is not always clear. For these world leaders, the decisions they made caused untold problems within their own country and sometimes all over the world.

Shah Al ad-Din Muhammad Kills Genghis Khan’s Ambassadors

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In 1218, Genghis Khan had expanded his empire so far that it shared a border with the Khwarezmia Empire. Khan decided to make contact with his border neighbors by sending a 500-man caravan of Muslims to start official trade relations. Shah Al ad-Din Muhammad was suspicious of the caravan and Khan’s intentions so he had the entire caravan arrested under charges of conspiracy. Most historians believe that Khan had no intention to start any conflict with his new neighbors because he was already fighting against the Jin in China. Which is probably why Khan then sent ambassadors to the Shah in order to negotiate trade relations and the release of the caravan.

The Shah responded by shaving the heads of the two Mongol ambassadors and beheading the Muslim ambassador. Khan took this as a personal insult because he found ambassadors to be sacred. So Khan began preparations for attacking Khwarezmia. He carefully planned out the invasion using numerous intelligence sources from his spies along the silk road. Historians debate on the size of each army but most believe that the Khwarezmia army was outnumbered.

Khan strategy for his defeat of Khwarezmia was to divide and conquer. He sent one of his armies off to find and execute the Shah. This put on the Shah on the run in his own country. The Shah’s army was split over many of the major cities as the empire had only recently been conquered. Khan was able to siege each city one by one and destroy not only the armies but the entire Khwarezmian empire. The Shah was disposed and the campaign was considered one of the most brutal ever waged by the Mongols. Huge cities were leveled, numerous artifacts were destroyed and entire populations were massacred.

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  • ken hunt

    You missed McCarther’s decision to do nothing when the Japanese invaded the Phillipines. He left the entire US airforce on the ground and the Japanese destroyed the planes on the ground.

    • John Moyer

      He didn’t really have much of a choice. The US forces were really under-equipped and were being overrun by Japanese forces. FDR did not want to lose one of his best generals so FDR ordered him to leave.

      • stan

        This is laughable. The only thing Douglas MacArthur was good at was self-promotion. He should have been court-martialed for his inaction in the hours following the Japanese attack.

        • disqus_v3SHzvCspj

          MacArthur and McCain were similar in some respects; we have suffered with both.

  • Larry Thompson

    The Vietnam war was a mistake; but, it was the conduct of the war that was a mistake, not the fact of it. The exact same situation had presented itself in Greece in 1948; the difference was the media was war weary and really didn’t get involved. This led to a very swift, successful campaign in which the Greeks, strongly aided by the Americans, were able to defeat Communist forces which wanted to put Greece behind the Iron Curtain. Anytime politicians, goaded by an ignorant media, involve themselves in the conduct of a war, it is going to go badly. This is what happened in Vietnam.

    • RR

      The media was fine with the war for the first five years. Plenty of time for a “swift” victory. Any comparison with Greece is not credible.

    • Matthew

      “The Media” didn’t kill 58,000 American soldiers.

    • sarms58

      I think there is a huge difference between Greece – a western nation – and Vietnam. While we have many cultural similarities with the Greek people, we knew nothing of Vietnamese culture. Our western ideas of “freedom” and democracy” were foreign to their culture.

      • disqus_v3SHzvCspj

        LBJ is still very near the top of my ‘worst President’ list, way worse than the inept Carter. Time has proven that we had no dog in the fight anyway, and now, fifty years later, Vietnam is doing quite well. My old duty station, Nha Trang, now looks remarkably like Waikiki Beach in Honolulu with 30 story hotels all along the beachfront.

        • Mike Minyen

          LBJ did indeed get us heavily involved in Vietnam, but in the end he realized his mistake even making the statement “the kids (anti war protesters) were right. As a consequence he declined to run for reelection. That one fact makes him one of the greatest presidents. Did Bush ever admit his mistake? You think the great orange one being sworn in on the 20th would/ever admit a mistake large or small?

  • pronto

    There is a school of thought that now says that Neville Chamberlain did not appease Hitler due to being ignorant or naive regarding Hitler’s intentions of heading towards war.
    NC realized that neither England nor France were in a strong position to go to war at that time.Both countries had been severely damaged,like Germany,from WWI.
    Unlike Germany,England & France had not rebuilt their military & had let them stagnate over the decades prior to WWII.

    • disqus_v3SHzvCspj

      That has been my contention. Chamberlain was a realist, and sacrificed his reputation for 18 months which allowed England to develop and install Radar, buy a large number of Bofors AA guns, drill, train and equip a neglected Army, build and develop Spits, Hurricaines and eventually Wellingtons. Hitler was set to invade England but never got enough of an edge to pull the trigger, so he made his greatest error and went after Russia.

  • Dave Eicher

    Hopefully we will not be adding President Obama’s nuclear deal with Iran to the list.

  • John Pilon

    We could add GW Bush’s disastrous invasion and occupation of Iraq.

  • John Williams

    Soon to join this list–selling guns to drug cartels, paying a billion and a half dollar ransom, and trading five high-level terrorists for a traitor…

  • Mr. P

    I don’t see how Chamerlain’s appeasement was a mistake. England ended up declaring war in defense of Poland after Germany invaded but the Soviets ended up taking control of Poland and all of Eastern Europe after WW2 anyway. The English lost their status as the world’s superpower and they are nothing but a forgotten island nation currently being colonized by the 3rd world today.